Jurisdiction In Civil Cases

  1. SUPREME COURT
    1. ORIGINAL
      1. EXCLUSIVE
        Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:

        1. Court of Appeals
        2. Commission on Elections
        3. Commission on Audit
        4. Sandiganbayan
      2. CONCURRENT
        1. With the Court of Appeals
          Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:

          1. Regional Trial Court
          2. Civil Service Commission
          3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
          4. Court of Tax Appeals
          5. Other quasi-judicial agencies
          6. National Labor Relations Commission
        2. With the Court of Appeals and Regional Trial Court
          1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against courts of the first level and other bodies; and
          2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
        3. With the Regional Trial Court
          1. Actions against ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls
    2. APPELLATE
      Petitions for review on certiorari against the:

      1. Court of Appeals
      2. Sandiganbayan
      3. Regional Trial Court in cases involving:
        1. the constitutionality or validity of a treaty, international or executive agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, order, instruction, ordinance or regulation
        2. the legality of a tax, impost, assessment, toll or a penalty in relation thereto;
        3. the jurisdiction of a lower court
        4. only errors or questions of law
  2. COURT OF APPEALS
    1. ORIGINAL
      1. EXCLUSIVE
        Actions for annulment of judgments of the Regional Trial Court
      2. CONCURRENT
        1. With the Supreme Court
          1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against the:
            1. Regional Trial Court
            2. Civil Service Commission
            3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
            4. Court of Tax Appeals
            5. Other quasi-judicial agencies
            6. National Labor Relations Commission
        2. With the Supreme Court and Regional Trial Court
            1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against courts of the first level and other bodies
            2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
    2. APPELLATE
      1. ORDINARY APPEALS from the
        1. Regional Trial Court
          1. except in cases exclusively appealable to the Supreme Court
        2. Family Courts
      2. APPEAL BY PETITION FOR REVIEW from
        1. Court of Tax Appeals
        2. Civil Service Commission
        3. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
        4. Securities & Exchange Commission
        5. Land Registration Authority
        6. Social Security Commission
        7. Office of the President
        8. Civil Aeronautics Board
        9. Bureaus under the Intellectual Property Office
        10. National Electrification Administration
        11. Energy Regulatory Board
        12. National Telecommunications Commission
        13. Department of Agrarian Reform under R.A. 6657
        14. GSIS
        15. Employees Compensation Commission
        16. Agricultural Inventions Board
        17. Insurance Commission
        18. Philippine Atomic Energy Commission
        19. Board of Investments
        20. Construction Industry Arbitration Commission
        21. Any other quasi-judicial agency, instrumentality, board or commission in the exercise of its quasi-judicial functions, such as voluntary arbitrator
      3. PETITIONS FOR REVIEW from the Regional Trial Court
        in cases appealed from the lower courts
  3. REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS
    1. ORIGINAL
      1. EXCLUSIVE
        1. Actions wherein the subject matter is not capable of pecuniary estimation
        2. Actions involving title to or possession of real property or an interest therein, where the assessed value of such property exceeds PhP 20,000.- [in Metro Manila, PhP 50,000.-]
          1. except forcible entry and unlawful detainer
        3. Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim exceeds PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
        4. Matters of probate, testate or intestate, where the gross value of the estate exceeds PhP 100,000.-[in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.
        5. Actions involving marriage and marital relations
        6. Cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions
        7. Actions and special proceedings within the exclusive original jurisdiction of the former Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the Court of Agrarian Relations as now provided by law; and
        8. Other cases where the demand or the value of the property exceeds PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
          1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs
      2. CONCURRENT
        1. With the Supreme Court
          1. Actions affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls
        2. With the Supreme Court & the Court of Appeals
          1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition and mandamus against the lower courts and bodies
          2. Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
    2. APPELLATE
      All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdictions
  4. METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL & MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURTS
    1. ORIGINAL
      1. EXCLUSIVE
        1. (1) Actions involving personal property valued are not more than PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
        2. (2) Actions demanding sums of money not exceeding PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
          1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs
        3. (3) Actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim does not exceed PhP 100,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.]
          1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs
        4. (4) Probate proceedings (testate or intestate), where the gross value of the estate does not exceed PhP 100,000.-
          [in Metro Manila: PhP 200,000.-]
        5. (5) Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
        6. (6) Actions involving title to or possession of real property, or any interest therein, where the assessed value does not exceed PhP 20,000.- [in Metro Manila: PhP 50,000.-]
          1. exclusive of interest, damages, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs
        7. (7)Provisional remedies where the principal action is within their jurisdiction
      2. DELEGATED
        Cadastral or land registration cases covering

        1. lots where there is no controversy or opposition
        2. contested lots where the value of which does not exceed P100,000.-
      3. SPECIAL
        Petitions for habeas corpus in the absence of all Regional Trial Court Judges in the province or city
      4. SUMMARY PROCEDURE
        1. Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
          1. irrespective of the amount of damages or unpaid rentals sought to be recovered
        2. All other court cases except probate proceedings, where the total claim does not exceed P10,000.- exclusive of interest and costs

* Based on the Judiciary Act of 1980, as amended

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